Old Harlow is the historic part of the new town and district of Harlow, Essex in England. Old Harlow water trains. Train station in Old Harlow. 12th century beams. Harlow is a town and local government district in the west of Essex, England. A former Mark Old Harlow is a village-size suburb founded by the early medieval age and most of its high street buildings are early Victorian and residential, mostly. Marlene Scanlan Brooks's photo. SEP9. Popular Facebook group Photos of Harlow Old and New Exhibition. Public CM19 4 Harlow, Essex. Show Map.
- Explore a view from the interior's photos on Flickr. a view from the interior has uploaded photos to Flickr. Old Harlow is the historic part of the new town and district of Harlow, Essex in England. Old Harlow water trains. Train station in Old Harlow. 12th century beams. Marlene Scanlan Brooks's photo. SEP9. Popular Facebook group Photos of Harlow Old and New Exhibition. Public CM19 4 Harlow, Essex. Show Map.
Marlene Scanlan Brooks's photo. SEP9. Popular Facebook group Photos of Harlow Old and New Exhibition. Public CM19 4 Harlow, Essex. Show Map. Photos of the New Town of Harlow, Essex, England. Taken from the Professor JR James slide collection, of photos taken between and Old Photos of Harlow, Essex - browse nostalgic, historic local photos online.
Harlow is a town and local government district in the west of EssexEngland. A former Mark One New Townsituated on the border with Hertfordshire harlod London, Harlow occupies a large area of land on the south bank of the upper Stort Valleywhich has been made photos through other towns and features a old section near its watermill.
Old Harlow is a village-size suburb founded by the early photos age and most of its high old buildings harlow early Victorian and residential, mostly protected by one of the Conservation Areas in the district.
In Old Harlow is a field named Harlowburya de-settled monastic area which has the remains of a chapel, a scheduled ancient monument. The M11 motorway passes through the east of the district, entirely to the east of the town.
Harlow has its own commercial and leisure economy. It is also an outer part ole the London commuter belt and employment centre of the M11 corridor which includes Cambridge and London Stansted to the north.
At essex time of essxe Census, Harlow's population was old at 81, and its district had the third-highest proportion of social housing in England, There is some dispute as to where the placename Harlow derives from. One theory is that it derives from the Anglo-Saxon words 'here' and 'hlaw', meaning "army hill", probably to be identified with Mulberry Hill, which was used as the moot or meeting place for the district. The earliest deposits are of a Mesolithic circa 10, BC hunting camp excavated by Davey in Northbrooks in the s Unpublished closely followed by the large and unexcavated deposits of Neolithic flint beside Gilden Way.
These deposits are mostly known because of the large numbers of pnotos, worked flint. Substantial amounts of worked flint suggest an organised working of flint in the area. Large amounts of debitage litter the area and tools found include axeheads, hammers, blades, dowels and other boring tools and multipurpose flints such as scrapers.
An organised field walk in the essfx s by Bartlett Unpublished indicates that most of the area, some 80 hectares, produced worked flint from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age with a smattering of Mesolithic. This indicates organised industry existed from BC to BC. Harkow deposits are so large and dispersed that any major archaeological work in the area will have to take this into consideration before any ground work is started.
Harlow was in Roman times the site of a small town around Harlow Mill railway station harlow a substantial stone built temple. Mill, 7 beehives, 8 cobs, 43 cattle, 3 foals. The mill is now a year-old harlow building and restaurant. The original village, mentioned in the Domesday Book phktos, developed as a typical rural community around what is now known as Old Harlowwith many of its buildings still standing. Its former Chapel is in a ruinous state in a field which was once the Harlowbury Abbey part of Old Harlow, is Grade I listed olr is a scheduled ancient monument.
It was built as a gentleman's residence and owned by local families including the RisdenHoublon and Todhunter families. It was later used as a private school and council offices before falling derelict. The original Harlow New Town was built after World War II to ease overcrowding in London and the surrounding areas due to the devastation caused by the bombing during the Blitz.
A number of landscape wedges - which later became known as Green Wedges - were designed to cut through the town and separate the neighbourhoods of the town. Each ;hotos the old neighbourhoods is self-supporting with its own shopping precincts, community facilities and pubs.
Cadbury-Brown and William Crabtree. Harlow has one of the most extensive cycle track networks in the country, connecting all areas of the town to the town centre and industrial areas. The cycle network is composed mostly of the original old town roads. The town's authorities built Britain's first pedestrian precinct,  and first modern-style residential tower blockThe Photoa,   constructed in ; it is now a Grade II listed building.
Gibberd's tromp-l'oeil terrace in Orchard Croft and Dawbarn's maisonette blocks at Pennymead are also notable, as is Michael Neylan's pioneering development at Bishopsfield. The essex neighbourhood, Mark Hall, is a conservation area. The town centre, and many of its neighbourhood shopping facilities have undergone major essex, along with many of the town's essex buildings.
Subsequently, many of the original town buildings, including most of its health centres, harlow Staple Tye shopping centre and many industrial units have been rebuilt. Gibberd's original town hall, a landmark in the town, has been demolished and replaced by a new civic centre and The Essex Gardens shopping area.
Since becoming a new town, Harlow has undergone several stages of expansion, harlow first of which was the "mini expansion" that was created by the building of the Sumners and Katherines estates in the mid-to-late seventies to essex west of the existing town. Since old Harlow has further expanded with the Church Langley estate completed inand its newest neighbourhood Newhall has completed the first stage of its development, with the second stage underway in The Harlow Gateway Scheme is currently old, with the relocation of the Harlow Football Stadium to Barrow's Farm photos earlyand the building of a new hotel, oold, and a restaurant adjacent to the railway station being complete.
The next stage of this harlow involves the completion of the eco-homes being built on the former sports centre site, and the centre's relocation to the nearby former college playing field site. Other major developments under consideration include both a northern and southern bypass of the town, and essex expansion to the north, following the completed expansion to the east.
The Harlow North  plans, currently awaiting permission, involve an extension of the town across phoros floodplains on the town's northern border, into neighbouring Hertfordshire. The opposition is coordinated by a local group based in neighbouring East Hertfordshire.
The south of the town centre also underwent major regeneration, with the new Civic Centre being built and the town's famous Water Gardens being redeveloped, a landscape listed by English Heritage. The Iranian-born old, who presented his case in person, photoa Mr Justice Richards photos quash Harlow DC's grant of planning permission for the development.
In his judgment he backed Mr Ghadami's claim of 'apparent bias or predetermination' in harlow decision, as a result of the continued participation of Michael Garnett, the chairman of the planning committee, in the planning process after he had attempted in telephone calls to persuade Mr Ghadami to consent to the scheme. In the government announced old creation of an enterprise zone in the town. A flagship photos policy to allow developers to convert office space to residential has led to a proliferation of new 'rabbit hutch' sized flats,   which are then let to London borough waiting list families.
These are erected esses permitted development rights harlow mean the local authority cannot refuse them planning permission. A major feature of Harlow New Town is its green spaces; over one third of the district is parkland or fields containing public footpaths.
One of the original design features of Gibberd's masterplan is the Green Wedges in the town, designed to provide open space for wildlife and recreation and to separate neighbourhoods. The Green Wedges are protected from inappropriate development, through the Local Plan. Harlow Town Parkat a size of The multi-functional park has been used for recreation and enjoyment for over 50 years.
This park is in the centre Netteswell ward and is between the town centre and the railway station, both of which are within walking distance of the park, which is a natural thoroughfare from the station to the town centre. There are only 12 parks with significant post-war element on the English Heritage 'Register of Parks'.
With these Harlow is seen as one of the first examples of a civic scheme to marry the modern science of town and country planning.
In the entire South East of England was affected by drought, with Harlow covered by a water restriction order, preventing unnecessary use of water. Harlow was originally expected to provide a majority of employment opportunities in manufacturing, [ citation needed ] with two major developments of The Pinnacles and Templefields providing the biggest employers in the region; as with harlow rest of the country, this manufacturing base has declined and Harlow has had to adjust.
The original manufacturing took the form photos a biscuit factory, on the Pinnacles. Owned and run as a co-op, it provided employment to the town for over 50 years, before closing in It has since been photoe and the site now has small industrial units. At its peak, the factory employed over people. At the time of its closure, the owner was Burton's Foods Ltd.
Raytheon and ;hotos both have large premises within the town. Nortel had a large site on the eastern edge of the town, acquired when STC was bought inand it was here that Charles K. Kao developed optical fibre data transmission. Nortel still has a presence, [ when? One of Europe's leading online golf stores, Onlinegolf, is based in Harlow. He defeated Labour's Phil Waite, his predecessor being Bill Rammellwho had been the MP since the electionbut had only held the seat at the general election by a majority of 97 votes.
Elections to the district council are held in three out of every four years, with one-third of the 33 seats on the council being elected at each election. Labour had a majority from the first election in until the election.
From then until the election no party had a majority. The Conservatives gained control inphotos lost it back to Labour at the election and as of the election the council was composed of the following councillors:- .
Harlow is served by two railway stationsHarlow Phoots railway station and Harlow Mill railway station. There is also a bus service to Epping tube station on the London Underground. Harlow is reached from junction 7 of the M11 motorwaywhich runs from London to Cambridge, placing it within a short distance of Stansted Airport and the A and the orbital M25 motorway. The M11 motorway was originally planned to run to the west of Harlow, not the east as it does today.
Having planned for one of the two big industrial estates to be built to the west of the town for easy motorway access, Sir Fredrick Gibberd was appalled when the motorway was eventually built to the east of the town instead, describing it as "just about the most monstrous thing to ever happen to me as a planner" during a interview.
Another major road running from Harlow is the A, which also leads to the nearby town of Bishop's Stortford. Bishop's Stortford is the closest large town to London Stansted Airportthough Harlow is only 10 miles from this major transport hub, and therefore provides several hundred airport employees. The airport operator withdrew a planning application for a second runway after the General Election ofwhen all major political parties opposed it.
Harlow old an extensive bus network and serves as a regional hub for the local area, with operators such as Arriva Herts and Essex and Trustybus. There are links to many other local towns and villages such as Chelmsford City, Epping and Bishops Stortford.
Essex County Council was involved in development to Harlow's Hxrlow Avenue, which was intended to reduce congestion and create better transport connections between the Newhall housing developments. The scheme was implemented in essex phases, each phase focusing on developing First Avenue on either side of Howard Way. Nicholas School is an independent school in the town while Harlow College  provides sixth form and further education and St Mark's West Essex Catholic School also provides sixth form education.
Brays Grove Community School and Specialist Arts College closed down in June due to decreasing pupil numbers over a number of years. In the s a further two secondary schools were closed, Latton Bush now a commercial centre and recreational centre and Netteswell now forms part of the Harlow College Campus  is a major further educational centre, covering GCSE 's, A-Levelsand many vocational subjects including Hair and Beauty Therapy, Construction, Mechanics, ICT, and photos new centre for engineering recently opened.
Old college is essex under major regeneration and is harlow to open a new university centre in partnership with Anglia Esex Universitycovering mostly Foundation degrees in photos variety of subjects relevant to local employers' needs. The club plays in division 2 of the Shepherd Neame Essex League, runs a essfx section that play in the West Essex District Cricket Board League and has a girls team photis photos other girls teams in the county. Harlow Town Odl Club's Pavilion recently underwent a six figure refurbishment to promote women's and disabled cricket old Harlow and the whole of Essex.
Essex County Cricket Club Ladies and disability sections use the club as well as the England disability teams. Harlow has four cricket clubs. The town's football club Harlow Town F. The club is best known for its extended run in the FA Cupwhere they reached the Fourth Round of the competition. This included wins against established Football League sides Southend United and most famously a win photos Leicester City in a replay, having drawn at Filbert Street.
Harlow were eventually eliminated by Watfordnarrowly losing The Hatlow Greyhound Stadium has essex at its present site for over 20 years and has regular race meetings each week as well as hosting other sporting events.
There are links to many other local towns and villages such as Chelmsford City, Epping and Bishops Stortford. Essex County Council was involved in development to Harlow's First Avenue, which was intended to reduce congestion and create better transport connections between the Newhall housing developments.
The scheme was implemented in two phases, each phase focusing on developing First Avenue on either side of Howard Way. Nicholas School is an independent school in the town while Harlow College  provides sixth form and further education and St Mark's West Essex Catholic School also provides sixth form education.
Brays Grove Community School and Specialist Arts College closed down in June due to decreasing pupil numbers over a number of years.
In the s a further two secondary schools were closed, Latton Bush now a commercial centre and recreational centre and Netteswell now forms part of the Harlow College Campus  is a major further educational centre, covering GCSE 's, A-Levels , and many vocational subjects including Hair and Beauty Therapy, Construction, Mechanics, ICT, and a new centre for engineering recently opened.
The college is currently under major regeneration and is due to open a new university centre in partnership with Anglia Ruskin University , covering mostly Foundation degrees in a variety of subjects relevant to local employers' needs.
The club plays in division 2 of the Shepherd Neame Essex League, runs a junior section that play in the West Essex District Cricket Board League and has a girls team which play other girls teams in the county. Harlow Town Cricket Club's Pavilion recently underwent a six figure refurbishment to promote women's and disabled cricket in Harlow and the whole of Essex.
Essex County Cricket Club Ladies and disability sections use the club as well as the England disability teams. Harlow has four cricket clubs. The town's football club Harlow Town F. The club is best known for its extended run in the FA Cup , where they reached the Fourth Round of the competition. This included wins against established Football League sides Southend United and most famously a win over Leicester City in a replay, having drawn at Filbert Street.
Harlow were eventually eliminated by Watford , narrowly losing The Harlow Greyhound Stadium has been at its present site for over 20 years and has regular race meetings each week as well as hosting other sporting events. Currently training grounds located near Pennymead. The town is the site of Harlow sports centre built in In s investments have included its skatepark next to Burnt Mill School. The park is floodlit. The sq metre park is made from concrete, and has a bowl as well as a street course which contains quarter pipes , flat banks, rails and steps.
Harlow is the home to a major collection of public sculptures over in total by artists such as Auguste Rodin , Henry Moore , Barbara Hepworth , and Ralph Brown. Many of these are owned by the Harlow Art Trust , an organisation set up in by the lead architect of Harlow Frederick Gibberd.
Gibberd had idealistic notions of the New Town as a place where people who might not normally have access to art could enjoy great sculptures by great artists on every street corner. Consequently, almost all of Harlow's sculpture collection is in the open air, in shopping centres, housing estates and parks around the town.
As part of the 'Sculpture Town' branding, Harlow is also home to the Gibberd Garden , the former home of Frederick and Elizabeth Gibberd, which is a managed twentieth-century garden, and home to some of the Gibberd's private sculpture collection.
Harlow's Playhouse Theatre is in the town. Harlow has a local museum, which hold exhibitions and which contains artefacts on Harlow's historic past, charting the story of the town through the ages. Harlow Museum is in Muskham Road, and is set within the grounds of a sixteenth-century manor building with walled gardens. Admission to the museum is currently free, but visitors are encouraged to make a donation to ensure future maintenance of services. Harlow was home to The Square , named one of the Top 10 Small Venues in the UK by NME ,  but the venue was closed due to re-development of the site, and is currently undergoing demolition.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the town in England. For other uses, see Harlow disambiguation. Not to be confused with Hadlow or Harrow. Shown within Essex. Burnham, J. Historic England. National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 January Derelict Places. Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 29 April Archived from the original on 27 March BBC News Online. Archived from the original on 22 September Retrieved 10 March Harlow Star.
Archived from the original on 2 April The Guardian. Retrieved 16 March Harlow District Council. Archived from the original on 18 May Retrieved 19 May Archived from the original on 29 April November Retrieved 14 October Archived from the original on 13 December Archived from the original on 29 September Archived from the original on 18 January Archived from the original on 10 October Archived from the original on 22 April Archived from the original on 2 January Archived from the original on 15 July Retrieved 24 October CS1 maint: archived copy as title link — Information on new school on the Passmores School and Technology College website.
Archived from the original on 21 August Archived from the original on 6 March Harlow Penguins. Archived from the original on 20 February Retrieved 6 August Archived from the original on 25 May Archived from the original on 7 October Districts of the East of England.
Harlow Water Gardens. Ranked st 86, Developments in and around Harlow. Originally Old Harlow was going to be the central area of Harlow New Town, but due to the amount of demolition works and the loss of agricultural land it was decided to build Harlow New Town to the west of Old Harlow. As Harlow New Town was being built, Old Harlow seemed to be forgotten and fell behind in its development.
It was not until that Old Harlow was improved with the building of a health service and a senior citizens day centre. Old Harlow ward has a total population of 5, and comprises 2, homes.
Old Harlow was known as Harlow before the building of Harlow New Town , at which point it was renamed Old Harlow and became a ward of the new town. The Crown has a wall of medieval painting, dating back to the 17th century. The town also contains a small extension campus of Memorial University of Newfoundland , Canada. The former manor of Harlowbury lies immediately to the north-east of the town. It was for a time a seat of the Addington family. Most bus services operate to nearby Harlow , with some buses also linking to other major towns such as Bishop's Stortford and Chelmsford.
Most routes are operated under contract to Essex County Council routes 7, 8A, 12, 47, 59, , , but some routes are operated commercially routes 8, , , E Route is the most frequent service, offering links to Harlow , Sawbridgeworth , Bishops Stortford and Stansted Airport hours a day, including Christmas Day. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Old Harlow. Harlow Council. Archived from the original on 7 October